Uveitis


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Uveitis is inflammation of the uvea, the layer of tissue between the retina (the innermost layer) and the sclera (the outermost strong white wall of the eye).


The uvea contains many blood vessels that carry blood to and from the eye. Since the uvea nourishes many important parts of the eye (such as the retina), inflammation of the uvea can damage your sight. Uveitis is a serious condition that may scar the eye and needs to be treated as soon as possible.


Symptoms:
Common symptoms or uveitis include: light sensitivity, blurred vision, pain, floaters, redness.


Uveitis may develop suddenly with redness and pain or with a painless blurring of your vision. A case of simple red eye may in fact be a serious problem of uveitis. If your eye becomes red or painful, you should be examined and treated by an ophthalmologist. It is possible that the doctor may order tests to help make the diagnosis.


Causes:
Uveitis has many different causes:
1) a virus, such as shingles, mumps or herpes;
2) a fungus, such as histoplasmosis
3) a parasite, such as toxoplasmosis
4) related disease in other parts of the body, such as arthritis, gastrointestinal disease or lupus
5) a result of injury to the eye

In most cases of uveitis, the cause of the disease remains unknown.


Types:
There are different types of uveitis, depending on which part of the eye is affected.


Treatment:
To reduce the inflammation and pain patients are prescribed steroid eyedrops and sometimes pupil dilators. For more severe inflammation, oral medication or injections may be necessary.